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Title: Use and Managment of Medicinal Plants by Indigenous People of Jima Rare District in Oromia Region, Ethiopia
Authors: Mulugeta Kuma Alito
Meseret Chimdessa
Keywords: Ethnobotany, Informant Consensus Factor, Jima Rare, Traditional Medicine
Issue Date: Jan-2014
Publisher: Haramaya University
Abstract: The study of indigenous knowledge on utilization of native plants as source of medicine is important to conserve useful plants and preserve indigenous knowledge for next generation. This study documents indigenous medicinal plant utilization and factors contributing to the declining of native plants and indigenous knowledge. The study was under taken in Jima Rare District in four field study areas. Ethnobotanical data were obtained using semi structured interviews, field observations and focus group discussions with people and traditional medicine practitioners. Ethnomedicinal use of 82 plant species from in 80 genera and 49 families were documented. Majority of the plants (47.6%) were reported to treat human ailments. From the total medicinal plant species, 26(31.7%) were herbs, followed by 24(29.3%) species of shrubs, 19(23.2%) species trees, 12(14.6%) species climbers and 1(1.2%) species epiphytes. The most frequently used plant parts were leaves (45.8%) followed by roots (21.7%). The most widely used method of preparation was Pounding (48.9%) of the different plant parts. The common route of administration recorded was oral (45.9%) followed by dermal (28.7%) and through the eye (7.4%). Disease categories such as Problems of the genitourinary system (0.81) related diseases had higher Informant Consensus Factor values, suggesting high incidence of these diseases in the study area and agreement of people on their remedies. Agricultural expansion, firewood collection, and use of plants for construction were reported as major threats to plants of the study area. In order to protect biodiversity erosion and loss of indigenous knowledge, local communities must be taught and involved in conservation and management of plant resources and their indigenous knowledge
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